The stomach is an organ of the digestive system, located in the stomach slightly below the ribs. Swallowed meals is combined with gastric juices containing enzymes and hydrochloric acid. The liner of the abdomen referred to as the epithelium is layered with a number of folds. The epithelium is coated with mucus (gastric mucosa) secreted by particular glands. Inflammation caused by gastritis happens in this lining.
Gastritis happens when a bacterium, Helicobacter pylori, or the persistent use of medicine or certain medicines weakens the protecting mucous coating of the stomach and duodenum, allowing acid to get through to the delicate lining beneath. Helicobacter pylori bacterium can be answerable for most peptic ulcers.
Nevertheless, gastritis is not only one disease but a gaggle of situations, all of which end result within the inflammation of the abdomen lining. Irritation of the stomach signifies that white blood cells move into the wall of the abdomen as a response to an damage to the stomach.
Generally, the inflammation results from infection with the same bacterium that causes most stomach ulcers. Yet different factors akin to traumatic damage and regular use of sure ache relievers may also contribute to gastritis.
Gastritis could also be attributable to many components together with an infection, alcohol, particular drugs and some allergic and immune conditions. It may be either acute, with severe attacks lasting a day or two, or chronic, with long term appetite loss or nausea. In lots of circumstances, gastritis has no symptoms (asymptomatic)