The stomach is an organ of the digestive system, located within the abdomen just below the ribs. Swallowed meals is combined with gastric juices containing enzymes and hydrochloric acid. The liner of the abdomen referred to as the epithelium is layered with multiple folds. The epithelium is coated with mucus (gastric mucosa) secreted by special glands. Irritation attributable to gastritis occurs on this lining.
Gastritis occurs when a bacterium, Helicobacter pylori, or the persistent use of drugs or sure drugs weakens the protective mucous coating of the stomach and duodenum, permitting acid to get by means of to the delicate lining beneath. Helicobacter pylori bacterium can be chargeable for most peptic ulcers.
However, gastritis isn’t just one illness but a gaggle of circumstances, all of which end result in the irritation of the stomach lining. Inflammation of the stomach means that white blood cells transfer into the wall of the stomach as a response to an injury to the abdomen.
Commonly, the inflammation results from an infection with the identical bacterium that causes most abdomen ulcers. Yet different factors equivalent to traumatic damage and regular use of certain ache relievers also can contribute to gastritis.
Gastritis could also be attributable to many factors together with an infection, alcohol, explicit drugs and a few allergic and immune situations. It can be either acute, with severe assaults lasting a day or two, or power, with long run appetite loss or nausea. In many instances, gastritis has no signs (asymptomatic)