The stomach is an organ of the digestive system, situated in the abdomen slightly below the ribs. Swallowed food is blended with gastric juices containing enzymes and hydrochloric acid. The liner of the stomach called the epithelium is layered with multiple folds. The epithelium is coated with mucus (gastric mucosa) secreted by special glands. Irritation caused by gastritis occurs on this lining.
Gastritis happens when a bacterium, Helicobacter pylori, or the chronic use of medicine or sure medications weakens the protective mucous coating of the stomach and duodenum, allowing acid to get via to the sensitive lining beneath. Helicobacter pylori bacterium can also be responsible for most peptic ulcers.
Nonetheless, gastritis isn’t just one disease however a gaggle of conditions, all of which end result in the inflammation of the abdomen lining. Inflammation of the abdomen implies that white blood cells move into the wall of the stomach as a response to an injury to the stomach.
Commonly, the inflammation outcomes from an infection with the same bacterium that causes most abdomen ulcers. Yet other factors reminiscent of traumatic damage and regular use of sure pain relievers may contribute to gastritis.
Gastritis may be attributable to many factors including infection, alcohol, particular drugs and a few allergic and immune conditions. It can be both acute, with severe assaults lasting a day or two, or chronic, with long run appetite loss or nausea. In lots of cases, gastritis has no symptoms (asymptomatic)