One other Scot, John Logie Baird, beat American inventor C.F. Jenkins to the mark by giving the primary public demonstration of – a dim and badly flickering – tv in 1926 in Soho, London. Britain commenced experimental broadcasting almost immediately thereafter. Irish actress Peggy O’Neil was the first to be interviewed on TV in April 1930. The Japanese televised an elementary faculty baseball match in September 1931. Nazi Germany started its own broadcasting service in 1935 and supplied coverage of the 1936 Olympics. By November 1936, the BBC was broadcasting each day from Alexandra Palace in London to all of 100 TV units within the kingdom.
At the start there were many competing standards on both sides of the Atlantic. Baird’s technological solutions were trounced by Isaac Shoenberg and his group, arrange in 1931 by Electrical and Musical Industries (EMI). RCA refined its personal system, as did the Dutch Philips. Not until 1951 had been the requirements for public broadcasting set in the USA and in Europe.
But the Americans had been the ones to know the business implications of television. Bulova Clock paid $9 to WNBT of New York for the first 20-seconds TV spot, broadcast throughout a recreation between the Brooklyn Dodgers and the Philadelphia Phillies in July 1941. Cleaning soap operas followed in February 1947 (DuMont TV’s A Lady to Keep in mind) and the first TV information helicopter was launched by KTLA Channel 5 in Los Angeles on four July 1958.
The primary patent for color tv was issued in Germany in 1904. Vladimir Kosma Zworykin, the Russia-born American innovator, came up with a complete colour system in 1925. Baird himself demonstrated coloration TV transmission in 1928. Various researchers at Bell Laboratories perfected color tv in the late 1920s. Georges Valenso of France patented a sequence of breakthrough technologies in 1938. However coloration TV became widespread only in the 1960s.